Emergency contraception pills like Unwanted-72 have taken the country with a storm. Where women have little or no say to decide when they would want to get pregnant, emergency contraceptive pills have come to the rescue. An unplanned pregnancy can be prevented by simply consuming an emergency contraceptive pill within 72 hours of having unprotected sex, and that is all you need. In a country where young men and women are increasingly discovering their sexuality, and becoming aware of the repercussions of having an unplanned pregnancy, pills that negate a pregnancy if taken within 72 hours after an act of penetration are actually quite welcome. One such leading name is the Unwanted-72 Pill, manufactured by leading pharmaceutical company, Mankind Pharmaceuticals.
When To Use Unwanted-72 Tablet?
Unwanted-72 is purely intended to be used in emergency cases only. One should use the tablet in case there is a chance of getting pregnant after an episode of forced sex, contraceptive failure, rape or unprotected sex. An unwanted pregnancy that can result from an act of penetration whether consensual or forced, can be prevented by popping in the pill within 12 to 72 hours after the act. The sooner you take it, the better the chances or preventing the unwanted pregnancy. Unwanted-72 tablets should ideally be used in the following cases:
- Unplanned act of penetration in couples – married or unmarried
- Failure of contraceptive method being used – like a ruptured condom or faulty diaphragms
- Cases of rape, sexual abuse, or forced sex
- Couples that have intercourse without using any barrier
How To Use Unwanted-72 Pill?
You can take the pill orally with water or milk, preferably after having some food, as soon as possible but within 72 hours after an episode of unprotected sex. The pill is named as Unwanted-72 because a pregnancy takes about 72 hours to actually take place if you are ovulating. A sperm can survive for about 3-5 days in a woman’s body and if ovulation happens and the egg meets the sperm, a pregnancy will take place. To avoid a pregnancy, that is to prevent the sperm meeting the egg, the pill must be taken within 72 hours of the act of penetration.
Effectiveness of Unwanted-72 decreases if you take it later than 72 hours of having unprotected intercourse. The window of successfully avoiding a pregnancy is between 3 hours to 72 hours after coitus – and is the best time to take unwanted-72 tablet. The sooner you take the pill, the greater your chances of averting a pregnancy.
What Is The Dosage Of Unwanted-72 Tablet?
Ideally, a single tablet of Unwanted-72 should be consumed within 72 hours of having unprotected sex. The sooner you take it, the better the chances of preventing the unwanted pregnancy. Though you can take it before or after a meal, it is suggested not to consume the pill on an empty stomach. This is because if you have Unwanted-72 after a meal the chances of vomiting due to the surge of hormones reduce considerably. In case you do vomit, you may have to repeat the dose of Unwanted-72. Have something light to eat, and pop the pill with a glass of water or milk. The only consideration being that the first dose needs to be consumed within 72 hours.
Unwanted-72 is a single use pill- meaning you can just have one pill of Unwanted-72 within 72 hours of unprotected copulation to negate the chances of getting pregnant. However, if you again have unprotected sex after 12 hours of taking the pill, you need to take another dose in order to not get pregnant.
If you end up vomiting within 3 hours of taking the unwanted-72 tablet, it is considered as a missed dose and you can consume another dose. However, you may consult your healthcare provider in such a case.
Remember, you should only take one emergency contraceptive pill at a given time and refrain from using it as a regular contraceptive measure. Also, it is recommended that you do not have more than two pills of Unwanted-72 within a span of an year.
How Does Unwanted-72 Pill Work To Prevent A Pregnancy?
Unwanted-72 is a Levonorgestrel pill containing 1.5 gm of the hormone. It works by preventing the release of the egg from the ovary and thus prevents fertilization of the egg by the sperm. It also makes certain changes to the cervical fluid and the uterine lining which makes it difficult for the male sperm to reach the egg and fertilise it. Once the synthesized version of the hormone Levonorgestrel gets into the blood stream, it blocks the signals to the brain that releases the hormones LH and FSH required for maturing an egg. Thus, there is no release of a mature egg and there is no fertilisation and pregnancy. It may be noted here that the pill works best only within 72 hours, with the effectiveness decreasing as time gap between unprotected sex and consumption of the pill increases.
As is clear, emergency contraceptive pills work by regulating your hormones, and this may have more effects on your overall body, not just on your menstrual cycle. This is why it is strongly recommended not to use it as a regular method of avoiding pregnancy.
How Much Does Unwanted-72 Tablet Cost In India?
In India, Unwanted-72 pill can be bought for Rs.80 for a pack of 1 pill. You can get multi-packs from various chemists and pharmaceutical shops. Some departmental stores to stock the Unwanted-72 tablet.
Being affordable and easily available, it is used by many women across the country to avoid an unwanted pregnancy.
How Effective is Unwanted-72 Tablet In Preventing A Pregnancy?
As the time gap between the act of unprotected sex and the consumption of Unwanted-72 tablet increases, the efficacy of the tablet to prevent a pregnancy decreases. It is most effective when taken within 12 hours of unprotected sex and least effective if taken after 72 hours. The brand claims to be –
- 95% effective in preventing a pregnancy if taken within 24 hours
- 85% effective if taken between 24 to 48 hours
- 58% effective if taken after 48 but before 72 hours
To make sure you benefit by taking the pill, have it with some milk or water after eating something within a span of 72 hours after an act of penetration.
Precautions When A Woman Takes Unwanted-72 Pill
Though there are no specific precautions that need to be exercised when taking unwanted-72 tablet to prevent a pregnancy, yet, as a general rule it should be consumed only in case of emergencies only. The pill is not intended to be used as a regular contraceptive and should not be used more than once in 6 months. Unwanted-72 may also have drug interactions with Anticonvulsants (Phenytoin, Phenobarbital, Carbamazepine), Anti-tuberculosis medications (Rifampin, Rifabutin), Antibiotics (Penicillin, Ampicillin, Tetracycline), Acetaminophen.
Unwanted-72 Side Effects On Periods
Most women worry about unwanted 72 side effects on periods, which is quite fair too. Being a hormonal pill, Unwanted-72 tablet works by inhibiting ovulation and so directly affects the periods of a woman. Unwanted-72 tablet can delay or pre-pone periods, making the menstrual cycles unpredictable and irregular. It works by facilitating the shedding of the inner lining of the uterus called endometrium, the absence of which will make implantation of the fertilised cell impossible. Thus, your periods get directly affected after taking unwanted-72 tablet.
Regular use can even cause menstrual cramps and spotting in between the period dates.
Unwanted-72 Side Effects On Future Pregnancy
A research on the subject states that use of contraceptive pills can damage fertility as the synthetic hormones can upset the reproductive system for months – or even years – after women stop taking it. The research concludes that women who take emergency contraceptive pills are twice as likely to have problems in conceiving or getting pregnant in the future. The findings serve an important function of identifying the relation between consumption of the pills and the effect on future pregnancies or the ability to get pregnant in the future.
Since Unwanted-72 is clearly labelled as an emergency contraceptive pill, it should be used in emergency situations only. Prolonged and un-administrated use of any emergency contraceptive pill as a regular contraceptive method can disrupt your menstrual cycle and cause issues of infertility making if difficult for you to conceive at a later stage. Frequent use of Unwanted-72 is not recommended, and you need to choose some other form of regular contraception if you wish not to get pregnant.
Also note that if you have already become pregnant before taking unwanted-72, the tablet will have no effect on the pregnancy whatsoever.
Unwanted-72 Tablet For Abortion
As has been said before, unwanted-72 is a hormonal pill that should be reserved only in case of emergencies, when you have had intercourse without protection. It only works in preventing a pregnancy if implantation has not happened. Since it aims at either inhibiting ovulation or facilitates the shedding of endometrium so that the fertilised egg cannot be implanted, it is not effective if implantation has already happened. In case you are already pregnant, unwanted-72 tablet will not cause abortion and neither affect the fetus.
Important to note here – unwanted-72 is not an abortion pill and cannot be taken for aborting a pregnancy that has already happened.
Should I Consult A Gynecologist Before Taking Unwanted-72?
Unwanted-72 tablets are easily available across the country and are sold without prescription to men and women. Though not necessary, yet taking your gynaecologist opinion will be good before you decide to take the pill. You must, however, take guidance from your health care provider in case you are diabetic, hypertensive, epileptic. If you are already pregnant or are expecting to get pregnant, it is wise to visit a hospital and take appropriate medical advice. If you are taking any medicine on regular basis, make sure there is no drug interaction with Unwanted-72 tablet.
Can I Take Unwanted-72 Tablet While Breastfeeding?
Breastfeeding mothers can take unwanted-72 without worrying about adverse effects of the pill on the quantity and quality of the milk, or the baby’s health. However, it is suggested that you speak with your doctor before taking the pill.
What Are The Side Effects Of Unwanted-72?
Some short term side effects of consuming Unwanted-72 tablets are listed as under:
- Nausea and dizziness
- Fatigue and headache
- Abdominal pain and cramps
- Gastrointestinal discomforts
- Breast tenderness or pain
- Change in menstrual cycles
These side effects are short term and should subside by themselves within 2 days at the maximum.
What Are The Warnings When Using Unwanted-72 Pill?
Some important points to consider when using Unwanted-72 tablets are:
- Unwanted-72 tablets are intended only for use in emergency cases, refrain from using them as a regular contraceptive choice
- It will have no effect on a pregnancy that has already taken place – it does not terminate an existing pregnancy and is not an abortion pill
- There is a considerable risk of having an ectopic pregnancy
- Unwanted-72 does not offer protection from HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases
- If you do not get your periods within a week of taking an Unwanted-72, check for pregnancy
Though there are circumstances when the heat of the moment takes over, it is always best to stick to a safer, regular way of contraception and avoid taking emergency contraceptive pills in a routine.